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Pennsylvania is advancing legislation to address gender pay gaps

Pennsylvania lawmakers recently advanced legislation aimed at addressing pay disparities based on gender and race, particularly impacting women in the workforce. The proposed changes to the Equal Pay Act, which passed the House of Representatives along party lines, would ban discrimination based on sex and race while guaranteeing equal pay for comparable work.

Under this legislation, employees who take family or medical leave would not suffer negative consequences, such as loss of seniority, thus safeguarding their earning potential. Rep. Jenn O’Mara, co-sponsor of the bill, highlighted the economic challenges faced by working mothers, who typically earn less than their male counterparts and often face financial dilemmas related to child care expenses.

Recent data shows that women in Pennsylvania earned a median weekly salary of $981 in 2022, marking an improvement in the gender pay gap compared to previous years. However, organizations like the Women’s Law Project highlight persistent racial disparities, with Black and Latina women earning significantly less than their white and Asian counterparts.

While proponents argue that the wage gap persists even after adjusting for factors such as experience and education, critics argue that individual career choices play a significant role in the observed disparities. Representative Barbara Gleim pointed to the lack of pay discrimination complaints in recent years, suggesting that existing protections are effective.

However, concerns have been raised about the potential financial burden on employers and the state. The proposed penalties for violations could range from $2,500 to $5,000 per employee per day, significantly increasing the costs of non-compliance for companies. In addition, estimates indicate a substantial investment in enforcement resources, including hiring new investigators and maintaining a database.

Opponents of the legislation, such as Rep. Joe D’Orsie, argue that the increased penalties and regulatory burden could hurt small businesses and hinder economic growth in the state. Striking a balance between the need for fair pay and practical considerations remains a central challenge for policymakers as they navigate these proposed changes.